The “climate chaos” will cause a chain of global catastrophes with increasingly dense and unpredictable natural disasters that lead to the loss of habitats.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Global Climate Report 2021 has just been released and shows that key global climate indicators broke records in 2021.
Ocean acidity has peaked for at least the last 26,000 years, directly threatening wildlife and many coral species, devastating ocean ecosystems, and contributing to aggravating food crises.
CO2 and methane – powerful greenhouse gases – are at record levels, with CO2 50% higher than before the industrial revolution.
Also in 2021, the WMO recorded intense heat waves in western North America, in the Mediterranean; deadly floods in China and Western Europe; Rain for the first time on the Greenland Ice Sheet. In 2022, the WMO predicts East Africa is at high risk of not experiencing a fourth straight rainy season, meaning its worst drought in 40 years.
The Guardian quoted Professor Petteri Taalas, WMO Secretary-General: “Man-made greenhouse gases will warm the planet for generations to come. Some glaciers have reached a point of no return and are having lasting consequences in a world where more than 2 billion people are already experiencing water stress.”
People seek shade on the banks of the Yamuna River in New Delhi – India on May 11. Photo: REUTERS
The heat in India and Pakistan has been intense but not at its peak this year, according to a study led by the Met Office – Britain’s weather agency.
Using 14 computer models, they assessed the likelihood of a repeat of 2010’s temperature year, which was worse than this year. The results show that a disaster is 100 times more likely to happen again in today’s world, possibly every year.
“The maximum temperature can reach 50 degrees Celsius in some places,” says co-author Paul Hutcheon. It’s a nightmare, with temperatures ranging from almost 40 degrees Celsius to below 50 degrees Celsius are enough to cause serious damage to crops, life and human health.
The main cause of catastrophic heat is also man-made, in addition to the overall impact. According to SciTech Daily, NASA’s eco-space thermal radiation measurement experiment – conducted by the ECOSTRESS instrument – shows that India at 5 New Delhi and some neighboring villages, while the surrounding fields were on average 4.4 degrees Celsius cooler.
The average temperature in the countryside is also much lower than in the city, which NASA says is due to polluting human activities that contributed to the overall heatwave.
Following the new WMO report, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres called it “a human failure to tackle climate change” and said fossil fuels are an environmental and economic dead end.
The study, just published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, analyzed data from 25,000 oil and gas fields and several coal mines and calculated that those fields would result in 936 billion tons of CO2 emissions over 25 years.
That rate would cause the dreaded landmark — the average temperature is 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times — to rapidly collapse, leading to what has been dubbed “climate chaos.” A chain of global catastrophes with increasingly dense and unpredictable natural disasters will occur and lead to the loss of habitats.
A woman walks on the bottom of a dried up pond on a hot day in the village of Mauharia in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India May 4. Photo: REUTERS
To save the planet, emissions must be cut by 50% by 2023. Half of that comes from coal, a third from oil and a fifth from gas. This means that the only way out is to close 50% of the current fossil fuel production facilities early.
The good news is that some regions are already considering “clean” options to deal with the energy crisis.
The European Union (EU) just announced on May 18 a big plan for solar and wind energy, in which the EU will mobilize 210 billion euros for these forms of energy over five years in order to end dependence on Russian oil and gas. The plan also envisages that by 2030 45% of the EU’s energy mix will come from renewable sources and energy consumption will be reduced by 13% by 2030.
“The only sustainable future is a renewable one. The good news is lifesavers are on the horizon. Wind and solar are readily available and in most cases cheaper than coal and other fuels. other fossil fuels. If we act together, the renewable energy transition can be the peace project of the 21st century,” said UN Secretary-General Guterres.
Pollution kills more people than Covid-19
The World Health Organization estimates that about 15 million people have died from Covid-19 in more than two years of the pandemic, while pollution kills up to 9 million people annually, accounting for a sixth of the global deaths caused by all diseases, what costs the global economy $4.6 trillion a year, according to a new study by global nonprofit organization Pure Earth.
An online publication in the Lancet Planetary Health magazine shows that industrial and urban pollution – also a major contributor to climate change – increased the number of pollution-related deaths by 7% in just five years from 2015 to 2019.
Co-author Rachael Kupka, Executive Director of the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (based in New York – USA), emphasized that the number of people dying from pollution, the number of deaths from exposure to agents such as modern pollution such as heavy metals, agrochemicals and fossil fuels are up 66% since 2000.
The fact that Russia blocked the gas valve to Poland and Bulgaria should be a new exciting step in the confrontation between this country and the EU.